In the name of God Amen; the tenth day of February AD 1639 and in the fifteenth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles by the grace of God King of England Scotland France and Ireland Defender of the Faith etc. I ELIZABETH MAYOTT of Abingdon in the county of Berks widow (late wife of THOMAS MAYOTT gent deceased) being sick and weak in body but of sound and perfect memory thanks I give unto God do make and ordain my last will and testament in manner and form following, that is to say: first I bequeath my soul into the hands of Almighty God my maker trusting by and through the merits and mediation of Jesus Christ his only Son and my only Saviour and Redeemer to inherit eternal life; and my body to the earth from whence it came to be buried in decent and comely burial such as my executor hereafter named shall think meet according to the degree of my said late worthy husband; and as touching my worldly substance and estate wherewith it has pleased God to bless me I do hereby order and dispose thereof as follows. First I give and devise all my messuages lands tenements and hereditaments in Rufford and Chalgrave in the county of Oxon or in either of them unto my son RICHARD MAYOTT and his heirs upon condition that my said son Richard Mayott his heirs and assigns do well and truly pay or cause to be paid unto my executor hereafter in this my will named or his assigns the sum of three hundred and fifty pounds of lawful money of England within one year next after my decease for raising portions for my other children hereafter named the payment whereof to be made as follows: viz. two hundred pounds within six months next after my decease and the other one hundred and fifty pounds within one year next after my decease; and if my said son Richard or his heirs shall not accept of my said lands and tenements upon that condition then my will is that my executor herein named shall well and truly pay and I do hereby give and bequeath unto my said son Richard the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds towards the bettering of his estate and maintenance; and then my will and meaning is that my son JOHN MAYOTT and his heirs shall have all those my said messuages lands tenements and hereditaments in Chalgrave and Rufford aforesaid; and I do hereby will devise and bequeath the same lands tenements and hereditaments to my said son John and his heirs accordingly my said son John and his heirs paying the said CCCLL to such of my children as hereafter in this my will are nominated and appointed to receive the same; and if neither of them shall accept thereof upon the said conditions then my will is the said lands shall be sold to the best value for raising portions as aforesaid; and then and in such case I give my said lands tenements and hereditaments to my said son John and his heirs to be sold to the best worth or value for raising portions. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my son Richard my best bed (except my down bed) my second best bolster and my second best pair of pillows with the second best coverlets and all furniture thereunto except the second best curtains and valance, two feather bolsters two down pillows and all such other bedding and bedclothes as I have formerly lent him and now in his custody; also I give and bequeath unto my said son Richard that little flat gilt bowl which was his grandfather Mayotte’s, one gilt salt which was his grandfather Mayotte’s, half a dozen of silver spoons the gilt bowl that was his grandfather’s and which my father gave to my son THOMAS marked with both their names and one silver beer bowl my second best coverlet and my second best pair of blankets, one long flaxen tablecloth, two dozen of flaxen napkins, three pairs of my best household sheets, one pair of Holland pillow beers and one pair of flaxen pillow beers. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my loving daughter in law MARTHA wife of my said son Richard twenty shillings to buy her a ring to wear in remembrance of me. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my loving son in law THOMAS SAUNDERS and my loving daughter ELIZABETH his wife the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds, one hundred pounds to thereof to be payable by and forth of my said lands and tenements and the other fifty pounds to be paid by my executor forth of my estate in respect of the great pains my daughter has taken for me in managing my estate and affairs since my husband’s death. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my said daughter Elizabeth Saunders my best down bed and my best pair of curtains and valance two down bolsters two down pillows my best arras coverlet my best pair of blankets one linen quilt a small truckle bed featherbed one feather bolster and my two best needlework cushions my best needlework chair and two stools suitable to it my great iron mortar with a pestle my best green cupboard cloth wrought about with needlework one pair of my best Holland sheets the best pair of my flaxen sheets two pairs of my best fine pillow beers belonging to my childbed linen with all my childbed linen whatsoever my best linen cupboard cloth with a border of network my stitch napkins with a towel of the same stitch. ITEM; I further give unto my daughter Saunders my great flat gilt bowl which my mother gave me my silver sugar dish and spoon to it, one deep gilt bowl half a dozen of silver spoons which my mother Lydall gave me, one large plain Holland cupboard cloth; in consideration of which my will and meaning is and I do hereby request and desire my said loving son in law Thomas Saunders that he and his assigns shall and will yearly during the life of my sister ELLENOR SMITH well and truly pay or cause to be paid to my said sister Ellenor Smith the sum of six and twenty shillings of lawful English money towards her maintenance to be paid her by six pence weekly. ITEM; I give and bequeath to my second daughter MARY WINCH the sum of fifty pounds in money only in regards I gave unto her at her marriage fifty pounds over and above the portion her father provided for her which said fifty pounds now by me given and bequeathed to her is likewise parcel of the said money intended to be paid forth of my said lands and tenements, my next best featherbed after my son Richard has his, two feather bolsters, two down pillows, one flock bed and flock bolster, my best large green ring, one pair of fine Holland sheets, one pair of fine flaxen sheets, the second best valance and curtains after my daughter Saunders has hers, my best draper table cloth and napkins to it with a towel to it, two high wine bowls and half a dozen of silver spoons. ITEM; I give and bequeath to my son John my best gilt beer bowl besides that which is his own, one little wine bowl and half a dozen silver spoons, all the rest of my draper not before bequeathed, one long flaxen table cloth, two dozen of flaxen napkins, two pairs of flaxen pillow beers, a pair of flaxen sheets and three pairs of household sheets. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my daughter ELLENOR MAYOTT one hundred pounds in money to be paid at her day of marriage or age of one and twenty years which shall first happen, which said one hundred pounds is likewise parcel of the money to be paid for and in respect of my said lands and tenements. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my said daughter Ellenor one featherbed and bolster one pillow one flock bed one fine long flaxen tablecloth with a dozen and a half of laidwork napkins and a towel of lockram suitable to the same, a plain Holland cupboard cloth, one pair of flaxen sheets, two silver beer bowls and one green ruby. ITEM; I give and bequeath to my daughter ALICE MAYOTT one hundred pounds in money to be paid her at the day of her marriage or age of one and twenty years which shall first happen which said one hundred pounds is also parcel of the moneys before specified to be paid forth of and in respect of my said lands and tenements. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my said daughter Alice the silver bowl which is commonly used about my house one silver beer bowl and the little silver trencher salt and the silver salt used about the house, one featherbed and bolster, one feather pillow, one flock bed one red rug one flaxen table cloth with a dozen and a half of flaxen napkins belonging to the same wrought with a stitch, one long flaxen towel and a cupboard cloth one pair of flaxen sheets; all the rest of my plate bedding bed coverlets blanket coverlets bolsters pillows rugs curtains valance and other things belonging to beds not before by me bequeathed I give and bequeath unto my daughter Ellenor and my daughter Alice equally to be divided between them. ITEM; I give unto my grandchild THOMAS MAYOTT son of my said son Richard five pounds to buy him a silver bowl and my great brass pot. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my grandchild and goddaughter ELKIZABETH SAUNDERS five pounds to buy her a piece of plate and my diamond ring. ITEM; I give to my grandchild and godson SIMON WINCH five pounds. ITEM; I give and bequeath to every one of my grandchildren forty shillings apiece to buy each of them a silver bowl. ITEM; I give and bequeath to my brother Sir RICHARD LIDALL ten pounds and to WILLIAM LYDALL his son my godson twenty pounds ten pounds thereof to be paid unto him at his age of one and twenty years and the other ten pounds at such time as he shall be placed apprentice to bind him apprentice. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto ELIZABETH LYDALL daughter of my brother THOMAS LYDALL forty shillings. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my sister SARA MAYOTT twenty pounds provided that it shall be during the life of my said sister deposited and left in the hands of my said son Richard to be ordered and disposed of as she shall think fit and she to have the benefit and profit thereof for her better maintenance and after her decease to be equally divided amongst her five children which she has [of] my brother ROBERT MAYOTT my goddaughter having her share therein. ITEM; I further give to my said sister Sara Mayott three pounds per annum during her life to be paid by my executor hereafter named. ITEM; I give and bequeath all the rest of my pewter brass household stuff and utensils of the household whatsoever not before herein bequeathed amongst all my sons and daughters equally to be divided amongst them. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my sister Mayott wife of my brother John Mayott two pairs of my best gloves. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto Mr Christopher Newstead Clarke twenty shillings of lawful English money besides the twenty shillings given to the preacher at my funeral if he preach the sermon. ITEM; I give to my said goddaughter Alice Mayott daughter of my said sister Sarah five pounds to be paid at her age of twenty one years or day of marriage which shall first happen. ITEM; I give to my sister BOSTOCKE and sister KENDRICK forty shillings apiece to buy each of them a piece of plate. ITEM; I give to my sister DAYRELL twenty shillings to buy a ring to wear in remembrance of me. ITEM; I give and bequeath to my brothers CHRISTOPHER MAYOTT and NICHOLAS MAYOTT forty shillings epiece. ITEM; I give to be bestowed in apparel upon my brother Robert Mayott forty shillings. ITEM; I give unto my sister Smith forty shillings. ITEM; I give to ELIZABETH BOSTOCKE daughter of my sister Bostocke one of my small gold rings. ITEM; I give unto my godson ROGER CURTICE son of RICHARD CURTICE twenty shillings. ITEM; I give to ELIZABETH CLEMPSON daughter of my said sister Sara one other of my gold rings. ITEM; I give to ELIZABETH MAYOTT my brother Nicholas’s daughter and my goddaughter forty shillings. ITEM; I give to the poor of Abingdon five pounds to be distributed on the day of my funeral or the morrow after. ITEM; I give to the poor of Culham twenty shillings of which my poor tenants there to have ten shillings. ITEM; I give unto such of my servants as shall be living with me at the time of my decease twenty shillings apiece to be paid within three months next after my decease. ITEM; I give unto William Sale twenty shillings. ITEM; I give to the preacher which shall preach at my funeral twenty shillings. ITEM; I give all the residue of my linen not before bequeathed to my said four daughters to be equally divided amongst them. ITEM; I give to EDMOND BOSTOCKE son of my sister Bostocke one silver spoon of the price of six shillings eight pence. ITEM; my will is that if either of my younger children not married shall die before they attain the age of twenty one years or be married that then his or their legacy or portion to be equally divided between my surviving children at their ages and times before specified respectively. ITEM; I give to ROBERT MAYOTT my godson twenty shillings to buy him a ring and to ELIZABETH SMITH my goddaughter twenty shillings and my will and meaning is that the money portions by me bequeathed to my daughter Alice shall remain in my son in law Saunders his hands until the time limited for payment thereof without any account or allowance for any use or increase thereof; and I commit the care and education of my daughter Ellenor and Alice to my said son in law Saunders and wife in whom I have a special confidence that they will be careful of them as of their own; and I doubt not but that my husband’s executors in trust of his will being my brothers in law will make my said son in law reasonable allowance for my said daughter Alice her breeding and education out of the use of her portion given by her late father and lend them their best aid and assistance. ITEM; I give to my goddaughter JUDITH GANDY one other little gold ring. All the rest of my goods money and estate whatsoever not before herein by me bequeathed I give and bequeath unto my said son John Mayott whom I make and ordain my full and whole executor of this my last will and testament; and I do hereby make and appoint my said loving brother in laws JOHN MAYOTT and EDMOND BOSTOCKE gent overseers and to stand unto whatsoever they shall resolve or determine touching the same without further trouble; and whatsoever I shall add hereunto shall be taken only as a codicil annexed hereunto and not for any revocation or alteration further than the expressed words shall be in the said codicil contained; and I do hereby revoke all former wills by me made and do declare this my present will to be my last will and testament. In witness whereof I the said Elizabeth Mayott have hereunto put my hand and seal the day and year fisrt above written – Elizabeth Mayott – sealed and published in the presence of Christopher Newsted, Edmund Hart, William Willmott, Henry Nash, Thomas Hedd
Proved 16th March 1639/40 by John Mayott son and executor
Comments or questions are welcome.