In the name of God Amen, the tenth day of December and in the year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord James by the grace of God king of England Scotland France and Ireland defender of the faith etc., that is to say of England France and Ireland the two and twentieth and of Scotland the eight and fiftieth, I DANIELL WINCHE citizen and grocer of London being at this time (God’s name be praised) in perfect good health and of sound and perfect mind and memory yet knowing the certainty of death with the uncertainty of the time thereof do make this my last will and testament in manner and form following. Inprimis I commend my soul to the most holy and blessed trinity, God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Ghost, yet one God in unity, most assuredly believing that through the merits and passion of my Lord and only Saviour Jesus Christ I shall obtain full and free pardon and remission of all my sins and enjoy everlasting life and happiness in the kingdom of heaven; and my body I commit to the earth to be decently buried in such sort and in such place as my executor hereafter named shall appoint; and as touching the disposition of such worldly estate as it has pleased God to bless me with all in this vale of misery for that by the convenient and well approved custom of this honourable City of London I ought to bestow but one third part of such my estate at my will and pleasure and to reserve or bestow the other two parts upon my wife and children for clearing of all ambiguity or doubt that might arise thereabouts I do hereby manifest that I have bestowed a great part of my estate in purchasing divers free and copyhold lands messuages and tenements in the said City and elsewhere some whereof I have estated by surrender and otherwise to the use of my said wife for life with the remainders to some of my sons yet as much as in me is to observe the laudable custom of the said City having some of my children of full age and some already advanced and others approaching to full age first therefore my will and mind is that all my leases chattels cattels plate household stuff implements of household and personal estate shall be within six months after my decease apprised and sold for the full and best value and my debts within that time if possible to be gotten in and received howbeit my will and mind is that SIBILL my loving wife shall have all the estate in the lease of all that my messuage or tenement wherein I now dwell paying the rent thereupon reserved together with my plate bedding household stuff for such sum or sums of money as they shall be valued at her will and pleasure for and towards her third part of my estate; and I further do give and bequeath unto her one annuity or rent charge of threescore pounds per annum during her natural life to be quarterly paid by my executor hereafter named issuing and going out of those my messuages lands or tenements sometimes called CRASH MILLS in the County of Middlesex in or near St Katherines near the Tower of London with power to distrain if the same rent charge of sixty pounds per annum or any part thereof shall be arrears above the space of eight and twenty days and to enter if the same be not paid within six weeks next after such eight and twenty days if there be no overt distress and the same to hold as in her own right till the same with the arrears be paid; and I further give and bequeath unto my said wifemy two messuages or tenements in Lyme Street and the rents thereof during her natural life the paying the chief rent to the Lord or Lords; and I further give and bequeath unto my said wife the sum of one hundred pounds to be paid unto her within three months after my decease which I conceive to be a full third part and portion of my estate with some overplus as of my own love and respect unto her and wherewith my mind and will is she shall be well pleased and contented. ITEM; I give unto my loving son DANIELL WINCH and his heirs forever all my messuages landstenements wharfs commodities and appurtenances now or late called Crashe Mills. And my will and mind is that whereas John Foster of Woodford in the County of Essex yeoman, Benjamin Richardson freemason, and William Bird fishmonger citizen of London were nominated assigned and appointed as feoffees in trust to my use to take a grant or estate in the names of the fee farm rent of sixteen pounds per annum from Thomas Phillipps and Raphe Lane citizens and merchant tailors of London by virtue of an assignment to them made from George Lowe of London Esquire, Edward Sawyer of London gent who claimed the same by virtue of his majesty’s [ ] patents to them made under the great seal of England bearing date the ninth day of February in the years of his majesty’s reign of England France and Ireland the twelfth and of Scotland the eight and fortieth of which estate the said Foster Richardson and Bird stand yet seized, my will and mind is that if they shall within one month after request to them made after my decease assign and convey over their and every of their said estate to my said son Daniell Winche or his assigns in discharge of the trust by me reposed in them, and further whereas John Kirby merchant tailor and Randall Dod skinner citizens of London by virtue of one grant or assignment to them made by Sir Peter Vanlore Knight then by the name of Peter Vanlore of London merchant and Edward Ferrers of London linen draper bearing date the twentieth day of February in the said twelfth of his majesty’s reign as parties nominated by me to take the said assignment for my use and behoof of one lease from William Hitchmouth of the said Mills called Crashe Mills with the appurtenances, my will and mind therefore is that the said Kirby and Dod shall within one month after my decease upon request to them made grant and assign the said [ ] patents lease and assignment to the said Daniell Winch or his assigns in discharge of the trust in them reposed of the said lease granted by [ ] patents from the late Queen Elizabeth bearing date the second day of June in the forty fourth year of her reign to the said Hitchmouth and by him assigned to the said Sir Peter Vanlore and Edward Ferrers. ITEM; whereas I conceive that my daughters SIBILL and ANNE being already married and the legacies hereafter bequeathed to their husbands to be a sufficient advancement my will and mind is that the proceed of the sale of my goods chattels and cattells leases household stuff, plate and debts (my debts legacies and funeral charges first paid and deducted and the custom of the said City being duly observed) shall be equally and rateably divided amongst such of my other children as their parts and portions of my estate not being advanced at the time of my decease whether as in case of orphanage or otherwise and to be paid unto them viz. to my younger son within six months after my decease and to my said daughters or daughter at their ages of one and twenty years or days of marriage which shall first happen; and my will and mind is that if my said son Daniell shall happen to decease without heirs males of his body lawfully begotten, that in such case all such lands as I have hereby devised unto him shall descend and come to ROBERT WINCHE as next heir and for want of such issue males of his body then the same to come to my said four daughters and their heirs with the charge formerly limited and appointed; and my will and mind is that if either of my daughters MARY or ELIZABETH shall happen to die or decease before they shall accomplish the full age of one and twenty years or days of marriage then the legacy part or portion of her so dying or deceasing shall be divided to and amongst the survivor and survivors of all my said sons and daughters provided nevertheless and it is my full intent will and meaning that if either my wife children or sons in law shall contrary to the express or declared intention of this my will practice or go about by or under rules of the said custom of the said City to acquire or gain any other or further part of my estate either real or personal or upon reasonable request shall refuse to make unto my executor or such other person or persons whom the same may concern such release and discharge thereof as shall be required that then my will and mind is that they and every of them so claiming or refusing to release for his and their part or parts shall take no benefit or advantage of any gift legacy or bequest hereby made nor of any possibility or expectance by any means or clause in this my will. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my said daughters Mary and Elizabeth the sum of one hundred pounds apiece out of my third part reserved unto me by the custom of the said City. ITEM; I give and bequeath to MARTEN LEADER and MATHEW SHEPPARD my sons in law over and besides their portions previously given and paid unto them in marriage with my said daughters Sibill and Anne if my said daughters be living at the time of my decease the sum of one hundred pounds apiece to be paid unto them as hereafter is limited. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto all my Grandchildren the sum of five pounds apiece to be paid unto them at their several days of marriage or at the age of one and twenty years which shall first happen. ITEM; I give to the Worshipful Company of Grocers all such sum or sums of money as I have lent or disbursed for and towards the plantation in Ireland or for provision and performance which my desire is they would bestow in a piece of plate for the use of the said Company as a token of my love unto them and I do further give unto them the sum of twenty pounds to be bestowed upon a dinner for so many as shall and do attend my body to the church. ITEM; I give and bequeath to my loving sister ELIZABETH FOSTER the sum of five pounds to be paid unto her within six months after my decease. ITEM; I give and bequeath to Sara Chamberlaine the sum of forty shillings to be paid unto her within six months after my decease. ITEM; I give and bequeath to MAGDALEN MALTUS the sum of five pounds to be paid unto her within six months after my decease. ITEM; I give and bequeath to KATHERINE KINGE one of my sister BOUREIS’ daughters the sum of forty shillings. ITEM; I give and bequeath to THOMAS BOUREIS one of my sister’s sons the sum of three pounds in full of the remainder of a legacy of seven pounds and ten shillings reserved for him of Mr Robert Fountayne notwithstanding I have paid for his use the sum of nineteen pounds and upwards at several times and I do forgive him what I have disbursed otherwise for him provided always that the said Thomas upon receipt of such legacy by me devised unto him shall forthwith seal and deliver an acquittance to my executor hereafter named. ITEM; I give and bequeath to forty poor citizens forty long coats with skirts down to their knees of good broad cloth of the value of eight shillings per yard at the least with forty black hats and forty pairs of russet or [sadd] coloured jerkins of two shillings six pence per pair and forty pairs of new neat leather shoes and forty black staves wherewith shall attend at my funeral ten of which poor men I will shall be freemen of the Grocers Company and the Clarke and Sexton of St Mildred’s in the Poultry for the time being to be true, to [which true] I also give and bequeath the sum of ten shillings apiece in full of all duties as Clarke and Sexton yet my will and meaning is that all the costs and charges of my funeral and the said poors charge shall not exceed the sum or value of one hundred and fifty pounds neither any other [ ] have mourning apparel save my wife children and servants at the time of my decease except Mr Nathaniell Shute parson at St Mildreds in the Poultry London if he be living at the time of my decease to whom towards the provision of his mourning and in full of all duties and demands for a sermon to be made by him at my funeral due unto him as parson of the said parish I give and devise unto him the sum of six pounds; I do also give and devise unto Thomas Santye of Grays Inn in the County of Middlesex gent three yards and one quarter of broad cloth to make him a cloak or the sum of three pounds five shillings to be bestowed in a cloak at his pleasure wherewith to attend my funeral. ITEM; I give to the Treasurers and Governors of the Hospital of Bridewell to be bestowed upon a dinner the day of my burial the sum of six pounds and I give and bequeath to the poor in the said hospital for their relief the sum of five pounds. ITEM; whereas ROGER LITLER my brother is truly indebted unto me the sum of twenty pounds I do devise and bequeath ten pounds thereof to DANIELL LITLER my godson and the other ten pounds amongst the rest of the said Roger Litler’s children rate and rate alike to be paid unto them by him the said Roger Litler at their ages of one and twenty years or days of marriage which shall first happen. ITEM; I do forgive JOHN MALTUS the sum of three pounds six shillings eight pence resting due unto me upon an obligation of twenty pounds conditioned for payment of ten pounds. ITEM; I do hereby give to the poor of St Mildred’s Parish the sum of forty shillings and to the poor of three other parishes at the nomination of my executor the sum of six pounds viz. forty shillings apiece to be paid and distributed within two months after my decease. ITEM; my will and mind is that such legacies as I have formerly devised without limitation for time and payment shall be paid in two years viz. at the end of each the one half and moiety. ITEM; I hereby ordain constitute and appoint my loving son Daniell Winche sole executor of this my last will and testament not doubting but as my trust is in him he will faithfully and conscionably discharge the same. In witness whereof I have to this my will containing eleven sheets written set my hand to every sheet with my seal to the label at the top the day and year above written – Daniell Winche – Sealed signed and delivered in the presence of Thomas Santie, Christopher Stead, Wiliam Chapman
Proved 26th January 1624-5 by Daniel Winche (son and executor)
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