In the name of God Amen. The twelfth day of April AD 1596 [12/4/1596] and in the eight and thirtieth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lady Elizabeth by the grace of God Queen of England France and Ireland Defender of the Faith etc. I TRYNYAN SHORTUS Citizen and Iremonger of London being whole of mind and memory and in good health laud and praise be given to Almighty God and yet calling to mind the frailty and short time of man’s life and that all flesh shall die and the time of death is most uncertain do make and ordain this my last will and testament in manner and form following that is to say; first and principally I give and commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God the Father Son and Holy Ghost three persons and one God hoping and most assuredly believing by the precious death and bloodshedding of the second person in Trinity Jesus Christ to have clear remission and forgiveness of all my sins and to be saved. My body I bequeath to the earth decently to be buried in the Parish Church of St Mildred in the Poultry in London wherein I am a parishioner referring the order of my funeral to the discretion of my executors and overseers hereafter named. And as concerning the distribution of all and singular such goods chattels plate jewels ready money debts and all other things as I have and which God of his goodness has made me dispose of I will devise and bequeath the same as follows; that is to say first I will that after my funeral’s done that all my goods chattels household stuff wares plate money and debts and all other things aforesaid shall be inventoried and an appraisement thereof made that my estate may the better appear; and that done then I will that all such debts as I owe either in right or convenience shall be truly paid or order taken for the due answering thereof accordingly; and that done (although by the custom of the City of London I ought to divide my estate into three parts) yet in respect I have already sufficiently advanced all my children so that by the custom they can claim nothing (as I take it) but what I please to give them of my own free will; therefore out of my estate I give and bequeath to ANNE my loving wife the sum of twelve hundred pounds of lawful money of England which sum of twelve hundred pounds I would wish to remain in the custody and keeping of my Son in Law DANYELL WYNCHE and my Daughter SYBILL his wife so long as my wife shall live; and that it shall so long be to the good liking of my wife; the said Daniell Winche and his wife yearly paying and allowing to my said wife for the use and having of the said twelve hundred pounds or of so much as shall be in their hands after the rate of thirty pounds by the year for the whole for and during so long time as the same or any part thereof shall be or remain in their hands or custody in form following;that is to say: after the rate of seven pounds ten shillings on every usual quarter day in the year; and further I will and my meaning is that my said wife during her widowhood shall have her dwelling in the house wherein I now dwell rent free if my lease and estate therein shall so long endure; and also that during her widowhood (if my lease and term of the said house shall so long endure) she shall have and be found and allowed in the same house at the charge of my executors hereafter named competent decent and sufficient meal [d..] washing firing and lodging for herself and her maid; and also that she the said Anne during her widowhood shall have the free use of all manner of household stuff and necessaries which shall be in the house which I shall dwell in at the time of my death; as of bedding linen plate brass pewter and other furniture of household whatsoever so that I will and my mind is that she shall be quiet and quietly in good state live of herself in love and amity with my executors as principal of the house and not as an underling; and I hope it will be so; and these legacies before mentioned I do give and bequeath to my wife in full satisfaction of such part and portion of my goods chattels and debts as she by the custom of London or otherwise any kind of way should may or can have or claim. ITEM; I give and bequeath to my son THOMAS SHORTUS one yearly sum or payment of forty pounds by the year during his natural life to be yearly paid by my executors hereafter named at the four usual quarter days or feasts in the year that is to say the feasts of the Nativity of St John Baptist, St Michael the Archangel, the Birth of our Lord Christ, and the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary or within one month after every of the said feasts as shall first and next happen to come after my death or within one month after; and I will that the said yearly sum of forty pounds to be paid as aforesaid shall from time to time be paid and delivered by my executors to the Master and Keepers or Wardens of the “Arte and Misterye of Iremoungers” (Ironmongers) in London for the time being to the end that the said Master and Keepers or Wardens and their successors for the time being (as my trust and confidence is in them) should convey and send every such payment as so shall be to them made with such convenient speed as they may by way of exchange or otherwise as to them shall seem good unto Stoad in the parties beyond the Seas [Stada (on the River Elbe)], or to such other place or places as they shall think best whereby the same may soonest come to be received by my said son Thomas; if the same cannot by the said Thomasmy son be otherwise more conveniently received from the said Master and Keepers or Wardens for the time being; and I pray and desire the said Master and Keepers or Wardens and their successors for the time being to be careful to see the same duly paid in such sort that the same may come to and be received by my said son during his life according to my meaning and I give for their pains herein to be taken every year four marks to be paid by my executors yearly during so long time as the said yearly payment or sum of forty pounds appointed to be paid to my said son Thomas shall be or remain in force by the true meaning of these presents; that is to say to the Master of the said Company for the time being thirteen shillings four pence yearly; and to the two Keepers or Wardens of the said Company for the time being thirteen shillings four pence an piece yearly; and to the Clarke and Beadell of the said Company for the time being six shillings eight pence a piece yearly to be paid yearly by my executors at the feast of the Nativity of St John Baptist or within six days next before the election dinner of the said Company; at the choice of the said Master and Keepers or Wardens Clerke and Bedell for the time being. ITEM; I give to every one of the children of my said son Thomas ten pounds sterling a piece to be paid to every of them at their several ages of one and twenty years or days of marriage which shall first happen; and I give to my son Thomas my gold ring with a death’s head and with [inscription] therein for my own name and his. ITEM; I give to the children harboured in Christs Hospital in London attending my corpse to church at my funeral forty shillings; and to the preacher whom it shall please my executors to appoint for the making of my funeral sermon four yards of black cloth of fifteen shillings the yard to make him a gown or three pounds in money as to my executors shall seem good. ITEM; I give to my said wife to my said son in law Daniell Wynche and to my said daughter his wife my brother ROWLAND OKTOVER and his wife to every of them a gown of the like price; and to old Mrs Hedgson Mr Robert Gittens and his wife to every of them black cloth to make them gowns to be worn at my burial of fifteen shillings the yard or so much money as will buy them such cloth. ITEM; I give unto Rauffe Redman and his wife, Margaret Leycester, John Eldred and all my servants now dwelling with me or such of them or others as shall be in my service at the time of my death every man servant a cloak and every woman servant a gown of eleven shillings the yard or thereabouts. ITEM; I give unto threescore and four poor men every one a black gown of six shillings eight pence the yard or thereabouts to be worn at my burial; and I will that so many poor men free of the Company of the Iremoungers as may be found shall have and be first served of the said gowns; and if any remain then I will that so many poor men as shall be dwelling in the parish of Saint Mildred in the Poultry shall then have and be next served of the said gowns; and if any then remain of the said threescore and four gowns then I will that the residue of the said gowns shall be bestowed and given unto and amongst such poor men as have usually wrought most for me to my trade a be commonly called poor workmen or smiths and such like. ITEM; I give to John Kercher merchant of Kings Linne [Kings Lynn] in Norfolk one of my gowns faced with budge and to George Gibson merchant of Kings Linne my best gown faced with foynes. ITEM; I give to my Cousin HUMPHRAY BOURNE two angels of Gold to make him a ring with a death’s head. ITEM; I give unto George Leycester founder forty shillings. ITEM; I give to Toby Oldnall of Layon Bussard [Leighton Buzzard] Christopher Warner and Edward Jollye of Hitchen [Hitchin, Bedfordshire] and Thomas Manninge of Puckeridge to every one of them a cloak of what colours they please to wear of the value of thirty shillings the piece. ITEM; I remit and forgive unto the Company of the Arte or Misterye of Iremongers of London six pounds thirteen shillings and four pence which they owe me; the rest and residue of all my goods chattels and debts before in this my testament not otherwise given or disposed after such debts as I owe be paid and my funerals and legacies done and performed I wholly give and bequeath to my said son in law Daniell Winche and my said daughter Sybill his wife; and I ordain and make the said Daniell Wynche and the said Sybill his wife executors of this my last will and testament upon condition always and so that my said son in law Daniel Wynche and the said Sybill his wife do before he or his said wife shall prove this my will or take any administration or do any manner of act by force of this my will or meddle with any of my goods or chattels first enter and become sufficiently bound by obligation in due form of law to be made sealed and delivered to the Master and Keepers or Wardens of the Arte or Misterye of Iremongers of London for the time being in the penalty of three thousand pounds of lawful money of England for the true observing performing fulfilling and accomplishing of this my present testament and last will in all things as is before mentioned according to my meaning and the tenor form and effect hereof provided always that if the said Daniell Wynche and the said Sybill his wife or either of them shall refuse to become bound as aforesaid or do not enter bond in form and within the time as is above mentioned to the persons above named for the time being that then he and his wife shall not be my executors but from thenceforth I make and ordain the said Anne my loving wife executrix of this my testament to see the [promises] done and performed according to my meaning and overseers hereof I make and appoint my said brother Rowland Oktover and the said Robert Gittens praying them as my sure trust is in them to be aiding and assisting to my executors and to see this my last will and testament well and truly accomplished and performed in all things according to my true meaning herein expressed provided always and my very will and mind is that if my said son Thomas Shortus shall at any time hereafter give grant bargain sell assign convey do away charge encumber or depart with the said yearly sum or payment of forty pounds by me appointed to be paid unto him during his life or any part or parcel thereof to any person or persons whatsoever that then and immediately upon such gift grant bargain sale assignment conveyance doing away charging encumbering or departing with the same or any part of parcel thereof the said yearly sum or payment of forty pounds above mentioned to be paid to my said son Thomas Shortus shall utterly cease be void and no longer paid or answered as if the same had never been given bequeathed or appointed to be paid unto him these presents or anything herein contained to the contrary hereof in any wise notwithstanding; and I do hereby utterly revoke and make void all and every former wills and testaments executors and overseers in them and every of them named and appointed and all and every legacies and bequests in them and every of them contained and I will and my mind is that these presents shall be and stand for my last will and testament; and as concerning my messuage or tenement with the appurtenance in the Parish of St Margaret in Lothbury in London whereof I am now seized in fee I give and devise the same to my loving wife Anne for term of her life only; the remainder to my daughter Sibill and to the heirs of her body; and for lack of such issue the remainder to the right heirs of me the said Trynyan Shortus for ever. In witness whereof I the said Trynyan Shortus have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year first above written per me Tronian Shortussignillant et delibant et per ultima voluntate rogn Die et Anno supradris in puria meiThomas Nelson Str. Thomas Grimshall Servien dri Thomas Nelson
Proved 24th July 1596 by Daniel Wynche and Sibill Wynche his wife, executors
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