In the name of God Amen; the fourth day of November AD 1663, and in the fifteenth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord Charles the second by the grace of God King of England, Scotland, France and Ireland, Defender of the Faith, etc.; I Leonard PEADE Citizen and Cook of London, being in health of body and of sound and perfect mind and memory, praised be Almighty God for the same, but calling to mind the frailty and uncertainty of this mortal life and to the end no contentions or suits between my children and friends after my decease might arise or fall out touching or concerning that estate wherewith it has pleased God of his infinite mercy far beyond my deserving to bless me with all in this world, and for the settling and disposing of the same, I make and declare my last will and testament whereby and in the first place and above all earthly (conservements) I commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God my Heavenly Father and merciful creator assuring myself and steadfastly believing that in and by the precious death and blood shedding of my Saviour Jesus Christ my sins are forgiven me, and that I shall have everlasting life. My body I commit to the earth to be decently buried in the parish of Saint Lawrence in the Old Jewry, London, according to the discretion of my executors hereinafter named. And as touching such worldly goods and estate as aforesaid, I give and bequeath the same as follows: that is to say: inprimis, whereas I have purchased several houses, messuages, lands and tenements with their respective appurtenances, situate lying and being in Newington Green in the County of Middlesex to me and my heirs, and whereas for the more legal disposition thereof I have made a surrender of the houses, messuages, land and tenements with their respective appurtenances into the hands of the Lord of the Manor of which the same premises are held according to the custom of the said Manor to such uses and intents as I shall express in my last will and testament and to no other use intent or purpose in order whereunto and in pursuance thereof I do hereby declare limit and appoint and by this my last will do give and bequeath all my said houses, messuages, lands and tenements with their respective appurtenances situate in Newington Green aforesaid unto my loving wife Priscilla to have and to hold to her and her assigns after my death immediately for and during and for so long as she shall continue and remain a widow after my death and not longer, during which time only my will is she shall receive the yearly profits of the said premises to her own proper use and behoof, and if she happen to die unmarried or to marry again after my death then immediately upon such her marriage or decease first and next happening after my death her estate shall determine in the same premises, and my said mentioned surrender shall be deemed and adjudged to such purpose and intent for the settling of my said messuages and lands in Newington Green aforesaid to and for my said loving wife in such manner as in this my last will is before expressed, and I do hereby further declare limit and appoint that my said surrender shall be deemed and construed to be of my lands in Newington Green aforesaid after my said wife’s death or marriage first happening immediately to such further uses and intents as hereafter in this my will is expressed, and to no other use, intent or purposes, that is to say, and my will and meaning is, and I do hereby give and bequeath one of my said houses and lands with the appurtenances in Newington Green aforesaid now in the tenure or occupation of Nathaniel Halton or his assigns with the yearly rents thereof to my beloved son John PEADE and his heirs, and the other of my said houses in Newington with the appurtenances called the Green Dragon with the lands therewith all letters now in the possession or occupation of John Walthall or his assigns with the yearly rents thereof and other messuage or tenement near thereunto, and all other my said copyhold lands and hereditaments at Newington Green not before limited to the said John I do give and bequeath unto my beloved son Isaac PEAD and to his heirs and assigns forever, provided nevertheless and my will expressly is and that my said surrender of my said houses and lands in Newington Green aforesaid shall be further construed to be to such further intent and purpose that if my said wife be not contented with that I have given unto her by this my will but shall demand her dower in any of my lands notwithstanding or shall endeavour to recover the same by suit of Law in any sort whatsoever or otherwise if she shall sue or by any ways or means endeavour to recover her third of my real and personal estate or any other benefit or advantage out of my estate by the custom of the City of London which may belong unto her upon my death, then immediately upon such demand of her dower or her endeavour to recover her said third of my estate accruing to her upon my death on the custom of the City of London or upon her challenge to herself any benefit out of my estate in order to the custom of the Cit of London or any other advancement thereout other than what I have given and bequeathed unto her by this my will, that then immediately upon such her demand of her dower (appearing upon any suit or suits to be commenced by her means consent privity or procurement for the recovery thereof or for her third or any other part of my estate to her own use according to the custom of London coming unto her on my death by reason of my being a Freeman of the same city, my gift or gifts, legacy or legacies or whatsoever advancement she can challenge to herself by reason of this my will shall be and be utterly hereby frustrated and made void to all intents and purposes in relation to her; anything contained in this my will to the contrary notwithstanding, and immediately on such suits or prosecuting for the recovery of her dower or of her said third by virtue of the custom of London my said two sons Issac and John Pead (my will and meaning is) shall severally enter unto have and enjoy their several legacies of houses messuages and lands before mentioned by me given severally unto either of them in manner as aforesaid, and that in as ample manner as they or either of them should have done in case my said wife after my death should decease or marry again, and my will is that my above mentioned surrender be and shall be construed in the same purpose accordingly, and whereas I have made a like surrender of all my messuages lands and tenements with the appurtenances parcel of the Manor of Tottenham in the County of Middlesex into the hands of the Lord thereof according to the custom thereof to such uses and such states as I should thereof by my last will limit and appoint, in pursuance whereof and in order whereunto I do by this my last will give and bequeath unto two other of my sons, Thomas PEADE and Luke PEADE and to their respective heirs forever all my said messuages, lands and tenements parcel of the said Manor of Tottenham to be equally divided and parted between them, and my will is that my said surrender be and shall be interpreted to be to their respective uses and behoof in all respects and to no other use intent or purpose, and also I do by this my will give and bequeath unto Isaac Peade one other of my beloved sons my house with the appurtenances wherein I now dwell situate in the said parish of St Lawrence Old Jewry London as also all my spits, pots, brass, pans, racks, fire racks, dressing boards, tables boards, seating stools, chairs, racks, bedsteads, and other household implements and utensils belonging to my trade of cookery wherein he is brought up being in my said House or elsewhere at the time of my death, together with my lease and term of years to come and unexpired in my said dwelling house, and of and in all other my houses and lands in the said lease contained, with the yearly rents and profits of them in as ample manner as I enjoyed the same. Nevertheless my will and meaning is that if my said wife after my said death please to dwell in the said House during her widowhood until her death that my said son Isaac permit her so freely by all that time without payment or consideration therefore to hold and enjoy the chamber wherein I usually lie and the two rooms lying backwards within the same and such other necessary accommodations in the said house as shall be fitting for her, and my charge to him in order thereunto is that he do accommodate her therein so as she may have and enjoy all her reasonable desires; to that end and purpose, and that without his molestation or interruption which I assure myself he cannot but do, she being his loving mother, and also I do by this my will give unto my youngest son John Peade for his portion and maintenance after my death five hundred pounds of current English money to be paid unto him at his age of one and twenty years, to which end my will is that such monies as at the time of my death as shall be found due to me in the books of receipts and entries of the East India Company, with the proceed and advance thereof shall by my executors hereafter named, made part of my son’s portion, and if it amount not to so much as to pay it all then my will is that my executors hereafter named and the survivors or survivor of them shall make up out of my other personal estate by way of reserve of so munch in their hands thereof as together with what monies will then upon account grow due unto me from the East India Company as will make up my said son’s Porto five hundred pounds unto Jim at the time I have appointed the same to be paid unto him. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my son Robert Pead and (blank) his wife ten pounds apiece and I do declare that I have fully advanced my said son Robert Peade in marriage with his said wife both in personal estate and by lands and hereditaments that I have settled upon him, and also I do give and bequeath unto my sister HAWTHORNE ten pounds and to my son in law Andrew BRANDON and Margaret his wife to each of them ten pounds, and I do declare that I have fully advanced my said daughter Margaret in marriage with the said Andrew. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my son in law James HOLLAND and Priscilla his wife to each of them ten pounds, and I do declare that I have fully advanced my said daughter Priscilla in marriage with the said James. ITEM; I give ands bequeath to my five grandchildren Katherine Brandon, Leonard Brandon, Andrew Brandon, Thomas Brandon, Charles Brandon to each of them ten pounds, to my grandchild Priscilla Holland twenty pounds and to my grandchild Anne Holland ten pounds. To sister Elizabeth MARTIN ten pounds. To my two loving friends John Place, Citizen and Cook of London, and John Jermin the Elder five pounds apiece. My said grandchildren’s respective legacies, my meaning is, should be paid unto every of them at their several ages of one and twenty years or before if my executors find good cause for any of their advancements to pay them sooner. The residue of my bequeathed legacies before specified, my will is, should all be paid to every of them within one year next after my decease, and I do further give unto Mary Shurland and John Shurland, both fatherless sand motherless, to each of them twenty undo to be paid unto each of them at their respective ages of one and twenty years or if they be then apprentices, then at the end of their apprenticeships and not before. ITEM; I do give and bequeath unto my son Isaac Peade the better to enable him to furnish my house I have given him with the implements and utensils pertaining to the trade for his better management and carrying on thereof and accommodation therein after my death one featherbed and bolster and bedstead well furnished with Coverley’s bolsters pillows curtains and valance and two pairs of sheets to be by my executors hereinafter named put a part and delivered him immediately after my death, and further also, I give unto him so much plate, pewter and serviceable household linen viz. of board cloths, napkins and side table cloths as is well worth in value to be sold forty pounds of lawful money of England to be then also delivered unto him. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my loving son John Peade all my part and share being one sixteenth part of the ship Humphrey and Elizabeth now at sea. ITEM; I give and bequeath unto my son Isaac Peade all my part and share being one eighth part of a ship now in building near (Redcriffe) for one John Tuddey the master. ITEM; I give unto my cousin Elizabeth BRIDGHOUSE wife of Robert BRIDGHOUSE the sum of five pounds, and to my cousin Katherine SMITH the wife of William SMITH the sum of five pounds. ITEM; I give unto the President and Governors of the Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlehem London the sum of twenty pounds four the use of the poor of the same hospitals. ITEM; I give unto the Master, Wardens and Commonality of the Company of Cooks, London the sum of ten pounds for the use f the same Company, and I do hereby give and bequeath unto the said Master, Wardens and Commonality of the said Company of Cooks the sum of one hundred pounds upon and under this condition, that the said Master and Wardens and their successors do after my decease yearly forever pay or cause to be paid to the Churchwardens or overseers of the poor of the parish of Warfield in the County of Berks for the time being for and towards the relief and for the use and benefit of the same poor the sum of five pounds of lawful money of England, but in case the said Master, Wardens and Commonality shall refuse to accept of the said one hundred pounds under and according to the condition aforesaid then my will and mind is that the said one hundred pounds shall be paid unto my two sons Robert Peade and Thomas Peade and that they therewith do buy and purchase lands of the greatest yearly value as may be had and purchased with the same and cause or procure the same lands to be in such manner settled that the rents and profits thereof may be yearly forever had and received by the said churchwardens and overseers of the said parish of Warfield for the use and benefit of the poor of the same parish, and I do desire and strictly charge my said sons Robert and Thomas Peade to use their utmost care and endeavour in and about the said purchase and to perform my will and desire therein with as much expedition as may be after my decease; and also I do by this my last will constitute nominate and point my loving wife Priscilla and Luke Peade, Thomas Peade, and Isaac Peade, three of my loving sons to be the executors of this my last will, and I do hereby declare that I have already out of my estate fully advanced my said son Thomas Preade and given him his respective portion part and share of and out of the same at the time of setting him up at his now trade , and I do give and bequeath unto my said loving wife Priscilla, my said loving sons Thomas Peade, Luke Peade, Isaac Peade, John Peade after my funeral charges debts and legacies are paid, all my goods chattels household goods and personal estate I have undisposed of to be equally divided amongst them in fifths part and part alike declaring further to them and all the world that in the disposition of my estate I have my wife and children equal shares thereof as near as could divide it to them severally out of my desire to maintain amity and unity between them which my hope and confidence is they will keep to their lives end as also in relation to the custom of the City of London whereof I am a freeman and wherein by God’s blessings I have got (the) estate I have bequeathed by this my will and I do charge my executors as they will answer it at the day of judgement that they carefully and really perform my will in all things as much as in them lies. In witness whereof I the said testator have to this my last will and testament contained in ten sheets and this part of a sheet of written paper, subscribed my name at the bottom of every sheet and fixed my seal at the top where all the said sheets are fixed together and to this sheet the day and year first above written – Leonard Peade – signed sealed published and declared by the said testator for and as his last will and testament in the presence of Myles Leatherbarrow, John Houlford, Thomas Sturgeon – November 4 1663.
Proved 4th January 1663 (1664)